Depending on your sentence construction, these could appear separately or together. See below for definitions and examples.
When an author's name is not included in the text of your paper, a complete parenthetical citation is necessary. Note that when you quote from a source, your paper text singles flow better if you integrate the quote into a sentence.
The author and year would still go at the end of the sentence. It is not OK to text singles someone else's work, even though "research is a collective process, one shared and added to by all researchers" Upson et al.
References Austen, J. Pride and prejudice.
The Modern Library. Duhigg, C. The power of habit: Why we do what we do in life and business.
Random House. Upson, M.
Information now: A graphic guide to student research. University of Chicago Press. Et al. If it is a very short title, you may use the entire title.
Texf there are headings in the article, use the heading text singles paragraph appeared in followed by the word "section" and the paragraph count the of paragraphs from the heading. Format: al phrase, "quote" Author, year, para. By the late s, eyewitnesses were no longer considered reliable, and "the public's faith in the ability of prosecutors and police to get the right man was shaken" Shaer,Part Two, para.